Instructional design implications

Overview of instructional design implications deriving from cognitive load theory.

* Organise information based upon advance organisers to promote a suitable hierarchy to schemas.

* Activate existing schemas.

* Reduce extraneous cognitive load whenever practical.

* Utilise mixed visual and audio instructional designs to expand working memory whenever practical.

* Promote germane activities which increase intrinsic cognitive load whenever practical.

* Ensure working memory is not exceeded by total cognitive load.

* Cater for different levels of learner expertise.